Journal of Medical Physics
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 47  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 99-104

Monte Carlo dose calculation – A QA method for srt and sbrt plans in treating multiple and small metastatic lesions

Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Correspondence Address:
Teh Lin
PhD, 333 Cottman Ave, Philadelphia, PA 19111
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmp.jmp_123_21

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To provide accurate and fast 3-D dose verification for hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT/SBRT) of small and multi targets calculated with a Varian Eclipse treatment planning system (TPS) delivered on a Varian accelerator. Ten brain and lung hypofractionated SRT/SBRT linac-based and CyberKnife plans were generated by the Eclipse system for delivery on the accelerator with the Millenium-120 leaf multileaf collimator (MLC) and Multiplan for the CyberKnife machine. These clinical SRT/SBRT plans required accurate quality assurance measurements to obtain absolute point dose and 3-D dose distributions due to the low number of fractions and high fraction doses. For small-field and multi-target plans, the EGS4/MCSIM code was used to calculate the dose distribution. A 0.125 cc ion chamber, a 0.016 cc pin-point chamber and Kodak EDR2 film were used for the measurements and the results were compared with Monte Carlo (MC) calculations. The dosimetry for small-field and multi-target treatment plans is challenging due to the comparable range of secondary electrons and the field sizes defined by SRT/SBRT MLC segments. Our MC simulations can accurately reproduce the linac dose distributions (within 1%/1 mm) three dimensionally. For the clinical SRT/SBRT plans investigated in this work, the MC doses agreed within 3% with ion chamber measurements and within 2%/2 mm with film measurements. The doses calculated by the Eclipse AAA algorithm and Multiplan differed by no more than 5% from MC calculations for small (4–40 cc) Planning Target Volumes (PTVs). MC dose calculation provides accurate and fast 3-D dose verification for hypofractionated SRT for small and multi-target treatment plans generated by a Varian Eclipse TPS on a Varian accelerator and Multiplan treatment planning on the CyberKnife System.

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