Journal of Medical Physics
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 341-346

Automation of DVH constraint checks and physics quality control review improves patient safety in radiotherapy

1 Department of Health Technology, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby; Department of Clinical Oncology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen; Department of Oncology, Herlev Hospital, Herlev, Denmark
2 Department of Clinical Oncology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark

Correspondence Address:
Ms. Isak Wahlstedt
Department of Oncology, Section for Radiotherapy – 3993, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmp.JMP_23_21

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This study investigates whether patient safety can be enhanced by the implementation of an automated electronic checklist (PlanCheck) for physics quality control review (QCR) of radiotherapy photon plans. PlanCheck evaluates both technical aspects and DVH constraints. Three hundred and thirty-one consecutively approved radiotherapy plans previously reviewed with manual QCR were retrospectively checked with PlanCheck. Four hundred and thirty-three (3.4%) of the 12783 automated technical checks executed in the 331 plans yielded an error. All errors were scored using the severity rating from the American Association of Physicists in Medicine TG-100 report. Nineteen of these errors (4%) either could have affected or affected target dose (severity 5+) implicating a maximum dose difference to the target or a critical organ at risk of 0.5% to 10% and 3 errors could have resulted in stereotactic brain treatments being delivered to the wrong location (severity 10). Forty-seven breast cancer plans were retrospectively subjected to automated DVH check, 10 undocumented dose constraint violations were found. PlanCheck has been shown to reduce errors in manually reviewed radiotherapy plans and thus to enhance patient safety.

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