Journal of Medical Physics
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 41-46

Use of multiple-tube phantom: A method to globally correct native T1 relaxation time inhomogeneity in dedicated molecular magnetic resonance breast coil

Department of Molecular Imaging and Nuclear Medicine, PET SUITE, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi; Department of Physics, Vivekananda Global University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Pradeep Singh Negi
Department of Molecular Imaging and Nuclear Medicine, PET SUITE, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, Sarita Vihar, Delhi–Mathura Road, New Delhi - 110 076
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmp.JMP_2_20

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Background: Native T1 relaxation time (T10) presents an important prerequisite to reliably quantify pharmacokinetic parameter like Ktrans (volume transfer constant). Native T1 value can be varied because of the inhomogeneity in the breast coil, thus influencing the Ktrans measurement. Purpose: The current study aims to design and use a phantom with multiple tubes for both breast cuffs to assess native T1 inhomogeneity across the dedicated molecular magnetic resonance (mMR) breast coil and adopt corrective method to spatially normalize T1 values to improve homogeneity. Materials and Methods: Two phantoms with multiple tubes (19 tubes) specially designed and filled with contrast medium with known T1 value were placed in each mMR breast coil cuff. Native T1 at various spatial locations was calculated applying dual flip angle sequence. Correction factors were derived at various spatial locations as a function of deviation of the native T1 value from phantom and applied to correct the native T1 relaxation time. Results: A statistically significant difference between native T1 values of the right and left anterior (P = 0.0095), middle (P = 0.0081), and posterior (P = 0.0004) parts of the breast coil. No significant difference was seen in the corrected T1 values between anterior (P = 0.402), middle (P = 0.305), and posterior (P = 0.349) aspects of both sides of the breast coil. Conclusion: Inhomogeneity in the native T1 value exists in dedicated mMR breast coil, and significant improvement can be achieved using specially designed external phantom with multiple tubes.

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