Journal of Medical Physics
 Home | Search | Ahead of print | Current Issue | Archives | Instructions | Subscription | Login  The official journal of AMPI, IOMP and AFOMP      
 Users online: 536  Home  EMail this page Print this page Decrease font size Default font size Increase font size 
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 45  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 36-43

A method of high-resolution radiotherapy delivery fluences with a pair of fields with orthogonal collimator settings: A study on ten head-and-neck cancer patients

1 University Clinical Hospital Mostar, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2 Faculty of Medicine, Osijek, Croatia

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Stipe Galic
University Clinical Hospital Mostar, Kralja Tvrtka BB, Mostar 88000
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmp.JMP_51_19

Rights and Permissions

Context: Introduction of dual-layer multileaf collimator (MLC) radiotherapy linear accelerators into clinical practice is an important development in advanced external beam radiotherapy. A method of delivering comparable high-resolution fluences with a single-layer MLC is presented. Aims: The aims of this study are to present new algorithms and approaches to define high-resolution hypermodulated fluences, obtain orthogonal decomposition of fluences, and deliver them on a linear accelerator with single MLC from two perpendicular collimator settings. Materials and Methods: High-resolution fluences were defined using Monte Carlo (MC) calculation. A novel use of a limited-memory, bounded, Broyden–Fletcher–Goldfarb–Shanno algorithm was used to decompose such fluences to ones deliverable with a pair of fields with mutually orthogonal collimator settings. Such a technique, here named cross motion leaf calculator (XMLC), is compared against single sliding window (SSW) technique typically used in intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). An electronic portal imaging device (EPID) is used, and the results were compared with gamma analysis. Furthermore, MC was used to determine dose distributions for computed tomography images of ten head-and-neck cancer patients. Results: Gamma analysis (3%, 3 mm) against ideal fluence is considerably more favorable to XMLC (94% ± 4%) versus SSW (76% ± 5%). Furthermore, the dose–volume histogram (DVH) analysis showed that XMLC enables delivery of fluences superior to that of IMRT and these results in clinically relevant enhancements in DVH results. Conclusions: At the time of writing of this study, there were more than 12,000 medical linear accelerators in clinical use, and XMLC can prove itself useful wherever linac is equipped with MLC but cannot delivery latest techniques, such as volumetric modulated arc therapy.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded193    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal