Journal of Medical Physics
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 38  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 44-51

Evaluation of target dose based on water-equivalent thickness in external beam radiotherapy

Department of physics, Faculty of Science, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Behnaz Ghanbar Moghaddam
Department of physics, Faculty of Science, University of Guilan P. O. Box: 3489, Rasht
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-6203.106605

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In vivo dosimetry was carried out for 152 patients receiving external beam radiotherapy and the treatment sites were divided into two main groups: Thorax, Abdomen, and Pelvic (120 fields) and Head and Neck (52 fields). Combined entrance and exit dose measurements were performed using LiF: Mg, Cu, P thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs). Water-equivalent (effective) thicknesses and target dose were evaluated using dose transmission data. The ratio of measured to expected value for each quantity was considered as an indicator for the accuracy of the parameter. The average ratio of the entrance dose was evaluated as 1.01 ± 0.07. In the diameter measurement, the mean ratio of effective depth divided by the contour depth is 1.00 ± 0.13 that shows a wide distribution which reflects the influence of contour inaccuracies as well as tissue inhomogeneities. At the target level, the mean ratio of measured to the prescribed dose is 1.00 ± 0.07. According to our findings, the difference between effective depth and patient depth has a direct relation to target dose discrepancies. There are some inevitable sources which may cause the difference. Evaluation and application of effective diameter in treatment calculations would lead to a more reliable target dose, especially for fields which involve Thorax, Abdomen, and Pelvic.

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