Journal of Medical Physics
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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 229-234

Radiological safety status and quality assurance audit of medical X-ray diagnostic installations in India

1 Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Mumbai, India
2 Ex- Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Mumbai, India
3 Ex-Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
A U Sonawane
Radiological Safety Division, Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Niyamak Bhavan, Anushakthi nagar, Mumbai - 400 094
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-6203.71764

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We conducted a radiological safety and quality assurance (QA) audit of 118 medical X-ray diagnostic machines installed in 45 major hospitals in India. The main objective of the audit was to verify compliance with the regulatory requirements stipulated by the national regulatory body. The audit mainly covered accuracy check of accelerating potential (kVp), linearity of tube current (mA station) and timer, congruence of radiation and optical field, and total filtration; in addition, we also reviewed medical X-ray diagnostic installations with reference to room layout of X-ray machines and conduct of radiological protection survey. A QA kit consisting of a kVp Test-O-Meter (ToM) (Model RAD/FLU-9001), dose Test-O-Meter (ToM) (Model 6001), ionization chamber-based radiation survey meter model Gun Monitor and other standard accessories were used for the required measurements. The important areas where there was noncompliance with the national safety code were: inaccuracy of kVp calibration (23%), lack of congruence of radiation and optical field (23%), nonlinearity of mA station (16%) and timer (9%), improper collimator/diaphragm (19.6%), faulty adjustor knob for alignment of field size (4%), nonavailability of warning light (red light) at the entrance of the X-ray room (29%), and use of mobile protective barriers without lead glass viewing window (14%). The present study on the radiological safety status of diagnostic X-ray installations may be a reasonably good representation of the situation in the country as a whole. The study contributes significantly to the improvement of radiological safety by the way of the steps already taken and by providing a vital feed back to the national regulatory body.

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