Journal of Medical Physics
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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 114-118

Dosimetric evaluation of 120-leaf multileaf collimator in a Varian linear accelerator with 6-MV and 18-MV photon beams

1 Department of Radiation Oncology, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Ministry of Health, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Physics, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
R Mohan
Department of Radiation Oncology, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, P.O. Box No.15215, Dammam, PIN-31444
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-6203.42757

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In this study the dosimetric characteristics of 120-leaf multileaf collimators (MLCs) were evaluated for 6-MV and 18-MV photon beams. The dose rate, percentage depth dose, surface dose, dose in the build-up region, beam profile, flatness, symmetry, and penumbra width were measured using three field-defining methods: (i) 'Jaw only', (ii) 'MLC only', and (iii) 'MLC+Jaw'. Analysis of dose rate shows that the dose rate for 'MLC only' field was higher than that for 'Jaw only'' and 'MLC+Jaw' fields in both the energies. The 'percentage of difference' of dose rates between 'MLC only' and 'MLC+Jaw' was (0.9% to 4.4%) and (1.14% to 7%) for 6 MV and 18 MV respectively. The surface dose and dose in the build-up region were more pronounced for 'MLC only' fields for both energies, and no significant difference was found in percentage depth dose beyond dmax for both energies. Beam profiles show that flatness and symmetry for both the energies were less than the 3%. The penumbra width for 'MLC only' field was more than that for the other two field-defining methods by (1 to 2 mm) and (0.8 to 1.3 mm) for 6-MV and 18-MV photon beams respectively. Analysis of 'width of 50% dose level' of the beam profiles at dmax to reflect the field size shows 1 to 2 mm more for 6-MV photons and 2.2 to 2.4 mm morefor 18-MV photons for 'MLC only' fields. The results of this study suggest that the characteristics of 120-leaf MLC system with 6 MV and 18 MV are same in all aspects except the surface dose, penumbra, dose in the build-up region, and width of 50% dose levels.

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