Journal of Medical Physics
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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 49-53

Verification of setup errors in external beam radiation therapy using electronic portal imaging

Department of Radiotherapy, National Oncology Center, the Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman

Correspondence Address:
R Ravichandran
Department of Radiotherapy, National Oncology Center, The Royal Hospital, P.O. Box: 1331, Postal Code:111, Muscat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-6203.41192

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The objective of this study was to conduct an audit on QA aspects of treatment delivery by the verification of the treatment fields' position on different days to document the efficiency of immobilization methods and reproducibility of treatment. A retrospective study was carried out on 60 patients, each 20 treated for head and neck, breast, and pelvic sites; and a total of 506 images obtained by electronic portal imaging device (EPID) were analyzed. The portal images acquired using the EPID systems attached to the Varian linear accelerators were superimposed on the reference images. The anatomy matching software (Varian portal Vision. 6.0) was used, and the displacements in two dimensions and rotation were noted for each treated field to study the patient setup errors. The percentages of mean deviations more than 3 mm in 'lateral (X) and longitudinal (Y)' directions were 17.5%, 11.25%, and 7.5% for breast, pelvis, and head and neck cases respectively. In all cases, the percentage of mean deviation with more than 5 mm error was 0.83%. The maximum average mean deviation in all the cases was 1.87. The average mean SD along X and Y directions in all the cases was less than 2.65. The results revealed that the ranges of setup errors are site specific and immobilization methods improve reproducibility. The observed variations were well within the limits. The study confirmed the accuracy and quality of treatments delivered to the patients.

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